从楹联谈中国古代书院的建筑审美|Study with Nature-From Couplets to the Architectural Aesthetics of Shu-yuan
作者:田昀、冯刚来源:天大学报

摘要楹联是独具中国特色的文学形式。书院建筑是中国传统文化、教育与审美的综合载体,是具有典型中国传统审美情趣和文化内涵的艺术。本文从楹联的角度出发,探讨了中国古代书院的建筑审美取向。通过选址、空间布局、艺术特色和修饰手法四个方面,分析了书院建筑的审美特点:个人与自然的和谐统一;秩序与和顺的相辅相承;兼容与坚守的两相兼顾;教育与艺术的完美结合。

关键词:书院 楹联 建筑审美

Abstract:

As a unique Chinese art, Coupletswere widely used in Shu-yuan (Traditional Chinese College) architecture, whichrepresented Chinese culture, pedagogy, artistic sentiment and architecturalaesthetics. By discussing Couplets, the author explored the main features ofArchitectural Aesthetics and artistic value of Shu-yuan. After analyzing fouraspects of Shu-yuan design, such as site selection, spacial layout, art featureand embellishing means, the author suggested that the primary characteristicsof Architectural Aesthetics of Shu-yuan is the harmonious integration ofartificiality and nature, order and mix, unity and specialty, and pedagogy andart.

Key words: Shu-yuan (Traditional ChineseCollege), Couplets, and Architectural Aesthetics