高层建筑表皮形态的演进|The Evolution of Building Skin Forms of High-rise
作者:冯刚、胡惟洁来源:新建筑

摘要:当代高层建筑表皮设计整合了形式、功能、结构、节能等需求,逐渐向双层表皮、可变表皮的方向发展。文章通过大量案例分析,总结了高层建筑发展过程中表皮功能与形态发展所经历的“形式层面的表皮”、“结构层面的表皮”、“节能层面的表皮”几个主要阶段,分析了不同形态高层建筑表皮的功能、美学与生态特征,探讨了高层建筑未来发展的方向。

关键词: 表皮、形态、高层建筑、节能、可变表皮

ABSTRACT:The design of contemporary high-rise building skin integrates the form, function, sturcture, ecology and other design requirements, with new development of new design methods, such as double skins and kinetic skins. Through case studies, this paper delineates different development states of high-rise building skin, successively the stages of "skin following forms","skin working as a structure",and"skin with energy-saving function". Baesd on this, the paper also tries to illuminate the development trends of high-rise building skin design.

KEY WORDS: Building Skin; Form; High-sire; Envergy-saving; Kinetic Skin