Rotunda 建筑形制在中国近代大学中的移植与变异|Transplant And Metamorphosis Of Rotunda Buildings In China

摘要:“Rotunda”是一种以圆形大厅及穹顶为典型特征的集中式构图的建筑形制。它早期主要应用于欧洲宗教建筑,后逐渐推广到商业、休闲、政府、文教、居住等世俗建筑中。自19 世纪末开始,这种源自欧洲的建筑形制被逐渐移植到了中国近代大学校园之中,并与中国传统建筑文化相结合。本文简述了“Rotunda”的特征及发展,归纳分析了该形制在中国近代大学校园建筑中的代表作品及其主要特点。


Rotunda,originally created in Europe, is building having a centralized space, usuallywith a circular ground plan covered by a dome. It is widespread in European’s religious buildings in the early times and later used in all kinds of buildingsincluding theaters, libraries, residential buildings and so on. From the late19th century, this building form is introduced and transplanted into Chinauniversity campuses and partly combined with Chinese architectural form. Thisarticle discusses the origin and the development of rotunda buildings and thentried to illuminate the values of the rotunda buildings in China universitiesin modern times by analyzing the aesthetics of them.


KEY WORDS:Rotunda;China;Campus;Modern Times